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16.5.08

Electronic Components and Integrated Circuits

An electronic component is a basic electronic element usually packaged in a discrete form with two or more connecting leads or metallic pads. Components are intended to be connected together, usually by soldering to a printed circuit board, to create an electronic circuit with a particular function (for example an amplifier, radio receiver, or oscillator). Components may be packaged singly (resistor, capacitor, transistor, diode etc.) or in more or less complex groups as integrated circuits (operational amplifier, resistor array, logic gate etc.).But with so many companies developing these electronic components it is hard to find some of the rare electronic components.

I remember those times when Intel started making these chips and then Motorola came up with more circuits helping Intel’s cause of making integrated circuits. The first integrated circuit 8051 microprocessor came up and hen Motorola and Intel made 8086. Integrated Circuits are referred to as IC, another name for a chip. Basically Integrated Circuits is an electronic device first developed in the 1950s, made from semiconductor material such as silicon, containing tiny transistors, resistors, diodes, as well as a number of ever improving and shrinking components built onto a single crystal. Today's integrated circuits are no more than a centimeter long, and they can carry millions of microscopic transistors.

All computers and laptops have integrated circuits inside as a connection of electronic circuits contained in a silicon wafer. It includes components and connectors, and has external connection pins attached to it. These pins are further attached to the motherboard which brings all the ICs onto a single platform and makes it easier for computers, laptops and microprocessors to operate.

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